UNDERSTANDING AND DESIGNING THE POST-INDUSTRIAL CITY: METROPOLIS, URBAN RENEWAL AND PUBLIC SPACE
DESIGNING ABSENCE UNOCCUPIED SPACE AS A BASIS FOR THE MORPHOLOGY AND URBAN PROJECTS IN METROPOLITAN LISBON
SUPER CITIES SUSTAINABLE LAND USE POLICIES FOR RESILIENT CITIES
THE POTENTIAL OF THE UNOCCUPIED SPACE IN THE FORMATION AND PLANNING OF METROPOLITAN LISBON
THE EXPLOSION OF THE CITY FERRARA, VENEZIA, GENOVA, MILANO, NAPOLI, VALENCIA, DONOSTIA-BAIONA, VALLÈS-BARCELONA, LISBOA, PORTO, MONTPELLIER, MARSEILLE
DINÂMICAS DE USO E OCUPAÇÃO DO SOLO DA ÁREA METROPOLITANA DE LISBOA 1940-2001
|FUNDING||CIAUD/FCT; Advance Project H2020 (3 PhD Grants); The International Association for the Exchange of Students for Technical Experience (IAESTE)|
|PERIOD||December 2013 December 2016|
|TEAM||Sofia Morgado (coord.)
Inês L Moreira, José Vargas, Pedro George,
Belén Bravo, Eshkar Eliahou, Jakub Figel, Katarzyna Bartoszewicz, Weronica Detlaff
|ABSTRACT||The project aims to develop an understanding on how the metropolitan territories have evolved, before a minimal resource conjuncture - financial, ideological, societal, cultural, and environmental - What is the face of the territory, of its fabrics and functional structure? How, by resorting to what we have, may we address a fresh approach to designing the city?
The research addresses cultures of urban and landscape planning and design. The project seeks to contribute regionally by offering a perspective of the national urban dynamics – functional, economic and societal and the way it impacts on the urban and metropolitan fabrics – within the wider scope of European, and if possible, other examples of practices in the urban and landscape design and planning field. From September to November 2015, the team hosts 4 PhD students (Bravo [SP], Figel, Bartoszewicz, Dettlaff [PL]) and 1 Msc (Eliahou [IL]).
|TITLE||GENDERSTE - GENDER, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT|
|FUNDING||COST Action TA1201/ EU|
|PERIOD||October 2013 October 2016|
|TEAM||Sofia Morgado (W1 Structural Change Leader and MC [Management Committee] Member PT)
Inês L Moreira, Manuela Mendes
Team available at: www.genderste.eu; www.cost.eu; Chair Professor Inés Sánchez de Madariaga (SP)
|ABSTRACT||genderSTE - Gender, Science, Technology and Environment - is the first Targeted Network approved by the COST Committee of Senior Officials.
This is a new initiative to advance the state of the art in knowledge and policy implementation on gender, science, technology and engineering through creating a network of policy-makers and experts on gender, science and technology.
The main objective is to promote a better integration of gender dimensions in science and technology at three main levels:
W1 – Structural Change: Promoting women’s careers in science and technology through structural change of institutions (as recommended by the European Commission) by disseminating existing research and practice;
W2 - Innovation and Task Force: Promoting a better integration of gender in the content of science, research and technology, by dissemination existing research on the topic.
W3 – Cities: Identifying gender dimensions relevant to environment-related Horizon2020 Grand Challenges and to the JPI Urban Europe.
|OBS||COST is the longest-running European framework supporting trans-national cooperation among researchers, engineers and scholars across Europe […] As a precursor of advanced multidisciplinary research, COST plays a very important role in building a European Research Area (ERA). Available at: http://www.cost.eu/about_cost|
|TITLE||METROPOLITAN FORMS OF SPATIAL PRODUCTION IN LISBON [1940-2011]|
|FUNDING||FCT-PEST 2013/ CIAUD, Prémio Científico UTL/Totta 2010|
|PERIOD||January 2011 December 2013 [ongoing developments]|
|TEAM||Pedro George & Sofia Morgado (Coord)
João Rafael Santos, Cristina Cavaco, Inês Moreira; José Vargas
Collaboration: João Martins (bolseiro no âmbito do prémio UTL/Santander) eand Mariana Neves
|ABSTRACT||In line with a lifelong research on the metropolitan área of Lisbon, the UTL Prize 2010, offered an opportunity to update data and cartography, providing a challenging sequence to a previous participation in the Explosion of the City.
The results would contribute to other research projects and PhD theses, developed by team members of this project. Simultaneously, the participation in projects of international scope allowed the identification of this subject as of interest to the scientific community, especially in the current context of European urbanism.
The project was seen as a renewed research opportunity, in light of the already occurring changes, anticipating the new census data to be collected in 2011 and the revision of various territorial management instruments.
|TITLE||UNDERSTANDING AND DESIGNING THE POST-INDUSTRIAL CITY: METROPOLIS, URBAN RENEWAL AND PUBLIC SPACE|
|FUNDING||Ações Integradas Luso-Alemãs/CRUP e DAAD; Nº A – 15/2009|
|PERIOD||January de 2009 April de 2011|
|TEAM||Sofia Morgado [FA.UTL] & Frank Eckardt [Bauhaus Weimar Universität] (Bilateral Coordination)
Sofia Morgado, João Pedro Costa & Manuela Mendes (coord. of research lines), João Rafael Santos, Filipa Serpa, Margarida Paz, Luís Dias
Frank Eckardt, Max Welch Guerra et al
|ABSTRACT||East-German and Portuguese cities have been experiencing rapid changes in the run of processes that can be marked as "post-industrialism". The emergence of a new dynamic of industrial production with a higher degree of mobility, consumption, cultural and social reproduction has major impact on life in cities. Portugal and Germany hold evident differences on what urban planning approaches are concerned.
The engaged scientists and also possible "users" of the results will be given the opportunity to learn and to understand which similar macro-processes (metropolisation, post-industrialism etc.) are framing urban development and what the room to manoeuvre is for architects, urban planners, artists and social scientists to understand and design the particular places in their own country. It will, in this sense, enrich the perspective of all included persons by showing alternative approaches and strategies under similar conditions. The project focuses on the current state of affairs in urban development and it aims at working out an analysis and, furthermore, to advance on the proposal for concrete projects in the concerned cities.
[Excerpt from a larger document]
Three lines of Research were approached: (1) Metropolis; (2) Urban Renewal and (3) Public Space
|PARTNERS||Bauhaus Universität, Weimar|
|TITLE||DESIGNING ABSENCE UNOCCUPIED SPACE AS A BASIS FOR THE MORPHOLOGY AND URBAN PROJECTS IN METROPOLITAN LISBON|
|FUNDING||SFRH/BPD/26276/2005, Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia|
|PERIOD||January de 2006 May de 2010|
|TEAM||Sofia Morgado (Coord)
C. Mendes e Martín Ramos (Superv.)
|ABSTRACT||The distinct circumstances associated with the physiographic nature, the evolution of administrative boundaries and planning and urban design options, especially regarding master plans, have contributed to the characterization of several periods under analysis and have highlighted the predominant features that help understand the morphogenesis of Lisbon. Lisbon plays a key role in functional terms within a broader metropolitan context, since the metropolitan axes of opportunity converge in its belt. Links between morphological evolution and the main urban models used in the planning process are pinpointed, giving evidence to the role of open space in the process of land transformation. Resorting to the original cartography that has been produced and interpreted - and which is one of the key findings - stages of development of the city of Lisbon have been identified, three processes of land transformation were considered, according to the research timeline: i) Parcelling/plot division as a basis for the territory’s transformation; ii) The modern paradigm and the open space segregation: spatial disjunction and functional specialization; iii) Open space as a pivotal driver to designing the city|
|PARTNERS||DUOT/Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona|
|TITLE||SUPER CITIES SUSTAINABLE LAND USE POLICIES FOR RESILIENT CITIES|
|FUNDING||URBAN-NET (European Commission’s Framework 6 Programme under the European Research Area Network (ERA-NET), FCT; URBAN/AUR/0002/2008|
|PERIOD||January de 2006 May de 2010|
|TEAM||Ayda Eraydin, METU, Ancara (Consortium coordinator); Paulo Pinho, CITTA – FEUP (Investigador Principal/FCT)
Sofia Morgado (coord FA/FCT), João Pedro Costa, Luís Dias [LUOTP/FA]
Paulo Pinho, Sara Cruz, Vitor Oliveira, Ana Jorge, S. Ávila (FEUP); Ayada Eyradin, A. Turel, D Altay (METU); Peter Schmitt, Anu Henrikson (Nordreggio); T Tasan Kok, Dominic Stead (TU Delft)
|ABSTRACT||This project examines and evaluates the robustness, transferability and sustainability of new policy instruments for managing urban change. The main emphasis is on dynamic cities where diverse changes are taking place, such as rapid urban growth and population expansion, and industrial re-structuring or urban decline and population loss. These changes pose a range of economic, social and environmental opportunities and challenges for cities. Urban growth for example presents new opportunities for employment and collective transport but also poses challenges for infrastructure, services, and the environment. Urban decline and population loss on the other hand presents new opportunities for land use and environmental improvements but poses challenges in terms of urban economy. New policy instruments will be evaluated with a number of criteria related to urban resilience including adaptability, acceptability and promotion of quality of life. The interactions and synergies between policy instruments are considered. The research draws on case studies from four European countries where urban dynamics are very different. Turkish cases are used to help illustrate and evaluate policy instruments to control urban sprawl under conditions of rapid urban growth and population expansion. Portuguese cases on the other hand help illustrate and evaluate policy instruments under conditions of urban shrinkage, de-industrialization and population decline. Dutch cases help illustrate and evaluate policy instruments under conditions of moderate urban growth within a polycentric urban structure. Swedish cases help illustrate and evaluate policy instruments under conditions of moderate urban growth but this time within a more monocentric urban structure. Two URBAN-NET themes will be addresses: Shrinking Cities (4) and Urban Sprawl/Compact City (9).|
|PARTNERS||CITTA-FEUP, Porto; METU, Ancara; Nordreggio, Estocolmo; OTB-TU Delft|
|TITLE||THE POTENTIAL OF THE UNOCCUPIED SPACE IN THE FORMATION AND PLANNING OF METROPOLITAN LISBON|
|FUNDING||Acções Integradas Luso-Espanholas, CRUP, Portugal | MEC, Espanha; Acção Nº E-54/08|
|PERIOD||January 2008 April 2010|
|TEAM||Sofia Morgado [FA-UTL] & Angel Martín Ramos [DUOT/ETSAB-UPC] (Bilateral Coordination)
João Rafael Santos, Susana Rodrigues, Clara Mendes; Colaboração: Cláudia Rocheteau, F. Espírito Santo, Emanuel Rebelo, Paulo Lopes, Vasco Botas, Carolina Hogan, Tiago Frazão
Carles Crosas, Joan Florit, Ricard Gratacòs
|ABSTRACT||On contemporary urban development the role of the unoccupied space is becoming more relevant on the configuration of the metropolitan urban development. Through the last decades, European metropolis assist development processes which are of difficult understanding and control. The definition of the unoccupied space, especially before the variety and diversity of the built, seams to gather the most identifiable and distinctive approach towards an efficient and reliable guaranty on the control of metropolitan sprawl. Several experts have already advised on this (Secchi, Corboz, Koolhaas, just to name some of them), nevertheless the epistemological identification of such spaces is still far from being complete.
The unoccupied space is finally beginning to be understood as essential in the formation of the metropolitan areas, not only in terms of environmental protection, but mainly through innovative action on urbanistic tools themselves, which should establish the unoccupied space - in an urban and a regional scale - as a high quality place that is accessible to the people. Thus, territorial definition of the urban project - scale of the integration and spatial structuring projects with urban architectural content - can be particularly relevant as the main instrument for strategies and tendencies. In this process, it is fundamental to regenerate forms of occupation and uses within the context of a metropolitan structure. In the meantime, some recent phenomena associated to unoccupied spaces have been identified, and are already considered as of potential value in this formulation. [Excerpt from a larger document]
|PARTNERS||DUOT/Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona – UPC|
|TITLE||THE EXPLOSION OF THE CITY FERRARA, VENEZIA, GENOVA, MILANO, NAPOLI, VALENCIA, DONOSTIA-BAIONA, VALLÈS-BARCELONA, LISBOA, PORTO, MONTPELLIER, MARSEILLE|
|FUNDING||Various according to teams|
|TEAM||Coordenação: António Font (ETSAB-UPC), Francesco Indovina (IUAV) e Nuno Portas (FAUP)
FA: Pedro George (coord.) e Sofia Morgado; Colaboração: Patrícia Ribeiro, João Bento, Júlio Almeida, Rui Rodrigues, Frederico Brix Elizabeth, Nuno Catarino, Sílvia Marinheiro; Tipologias de consumo: Margarida Louro, Francisco Oliveira
|ABSTRACT||The comparative study of 13 cities in southern Europe, concluded in 2004, brought the opportunity to participate using the results obtained in the project Land Use dynamics in the Metropolitan Area of Lisbon from 1940 to 2001, developed under a protocol between the CCDR-LVT and the Faculty of Architecture. This comparative study - La Explosión de la Ciudad - proposed morphogenetic approach of the configurations and land use forms of these cities, considering its dynamics and planning, according to an identical periodization.
The obtained results, among which outstands an original cartographic production of various time periods for each city, have been published and exhibited in several of the participating cities. In the specific case of Lisbon, it was possible to establish a digital cartographic and geo-referenced database (scale 1:25000) which included buildings, main road and rail networks, shorelines, topography and hydrography in 1940, 1965, 1992 and 2001.
These periods were analysed in terms of their occupation and land use, stressing out an interpretative approach in the relationship between the phenomena of urbanization, census data and the regional plans, both dated closely to the obtained cartography.
|PARTNERS||Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea; Università degli Studi di Genova; École d’Architecture de Marseille-Luminy; Politecnico di Milano, DiAP; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Universidade do Porto|
|TITLE||DINÂMICAS DE USO E OCUPAÇÃO DO SOLO DA ÁREA METROPOLITANA DE LISBOA 1940-2001|
|FUNDING||Protocolo CCDR-LVT Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional de Lisboa e Vale do Tejo / FA-UTL|
|TEAM||Coordenação: Pedro George; Equipa FA | UTL: Pedro George, Sofia Morgado, Patrícia Ribeiro, João Bento, Júlio Almeida, Rui Rodrigues, Frederico Brix Elizabeth, Nuno Catarino, Sílvia Marinheiro; Posição: investigadora.|
|ABSTRACT||No âmbito do Lisboamulticidade; contributo para Explosión de la Ciudad|